It is hard to stand out among roses for flowers along. Polyantha roses employ a different tactic.
This type of roses are more hardy than other groups and they require minimal care. Polyantha roses have smaller flowers than other roses. But these flowers make themselves known. They appear in high quantities and persist for most of the year.
Polyantha roses typically have a small compact form, but they can grow as a climbing vine as well. Below are some polyantha roses you should know.
Rosa ‘The Fairy’ (Polyantha Rose)
This award-winning rose variety has appealing flowers and foliage. It is also a dwarf variety making it a good option for those with limited garden space.
The flowers on polyantha rose are quite numerous. They bloom repeatedly throughout the summer with some blooms lasting into fall. Each flower has countless pink petals clustered around a central stamen.
The leaves are dark and have a glossy texture. Their shape is like a pointed oval with subtle serration.
Polyantha rose prefers full sun but compared to other roses, it is much more tolerant of shade. It can also survive some occasional droughts and is resistant to many diseases.
Overall, this small shrub has a compact rounded form with plenty of color throughout the growing season.
Rosa ‘Climbing Mademoiselle Cécile Brünner’ (Climbing Polyantha Rose)
This versatile polyantha rose variety can grow as a shrub or be trained as a climbing vine. As a vine it reaches abound 20 feet tall. As a shrub it is often only eight feet in total height.
The variety known as ‘Climbing Mademoiselle Cécile Brünner is adaptable to poor, nutrient-deficient soils. It can also grow in either full sun or partial shade conditions.
Dark green deciduous foliage sets a neutral background color for the show blooms of this rose. These flowers are about one and a half inches and have a pale pink color. The petals tend to curl at the edges bringing a ruffled texture to the flowers.
Hybrid Tea Roses
When it comes to the so called “modern garden rose” groups, hybrid tea rose is a good place to start. This cross between old-fashioned tea roses and hybrid perpetual roses combines inter hardiness with optimal blooms.
Proof of the hybrid tea rose’s attractiveness is the fact that these roses are the most popular group of roses in the world. These are the quintessential roses that even non gardeners recognize.
Hybrid tea roses feature the classic long stems each holding one deeply colored bloom. These flowers are meant to be cut. As such, they grow less like a dense shrub and instead have a very open habit.
Read on to learn why hybrid tea roses are famous throughout the world.
Rosa ‘Peace’ (Hybrid Tea Rose)
Among hybrid tea roses, the variety called ‘Peace’ is a medium-sized shrub with an upright habit. Its flowers have an exceptional coloration with an ombre effect.
This effect is subtle. Each of the numerous petals is pink at the tip. This color gradually changes to a near white at the base of the petal. These petals can also show a pale gold color.
Solitary flowers bloom at the end of long stems, Sometimes these blooms have a sweet fragrance. But this scent is not always present.
The leaves of this hybrid tea rose emerge as green with a slight red tint. As the season presses on, this becomes a pure dark green.
Many people are interested in the long stems of this hybrid tea rose. However, in order to produce that effect, you need to carry out heavy pruning on this shrub.
Pruning should happen in later winter and can be severe if needed. It is far from unheard of to trim these rose bushes back to one foot in height.
Proper pruning can lead to the long stems that people desire. After achieving this form, you can take cuttings from this plant to create rose bouquets.
This variety has an interesting history, It was first revealed to the public on the day that the allied forces took control of Berlin during World War II. This marked a moment that signified a potential for European peace. In keeping with that sentiment, this hybrid tea rose carries the name ‘Peace’ to this day.
Rosa MISTER LINCOLN (Hybrid Tea Rose)
The MISTER LINCOLN hybrid tea rose is slightly larger than the ‘Peace’ variety. This hybrid as about additional foot in height and spread.
MISTER LINCOLN has dark green foliage and flowers that appear in pairs. These flowers are deep red in color.
This re-blooming rose variety results from a cross between Rosa ‘Chrysler Imperial’ and Rose ‘Charles Mallerin.’ The flowers are fragrant and can last until the first frost of the winter season.
Rosa ‘Dolly Parton’ (Hybrid Tea Rose)
Like the last two, this third hybrid tea rose on our list is not lacking in name significance. This variety gained its patent in 1985 and is named after the country singer Dolly Parton.
This plant has a vigorous growth habit and takes the form of a small shrub. Its flowers are as fragrant as they are colorful.
The petals of these flowers are red with an orange tinge and appear in sets of about forty per flower. The flowers are large at half a foot in diameter.
‘Dolly Parton’ rose prefers a slightly acidic soil in full sun. It also appreciates a morning watering to keep its soil consistently moist.
A student of the Latin language might guess that floribunda roses have an abundance of flowers. And they would be right.
Floribunda roses not only have many flowers per stem, the flowers bloom in continuous waves. You will likely notice them both by sight and by their strong scent.
To add to the value of floribunda roses, they also have a comparatively good disease resistance. Anyone who has tried to grow roses knows that disease is a serious concern.
This makes floribunda roses a good option for those not well-versed in disease prevention. Here are a few varieties you can try.
Rosa ‘Korbin’ ICEBERG (Floribunda Rose)
Floribunda roses are known to have many flowers each season. In many cases, these flowers persist for a large part of the season. This bloom period can last from spring to late fall.
The variety, ‘Korbin’ ICEBERG is no exception to this phenomenon. This variety blooms in May. In many cases the flowers will survive until the first frost of the year. During this time, the plant will repeatedly rebloom.
These flowers are large and typically pure white. At times they can have a subtle pink hue as well. The petals form around a yellow center part with small red dots.
Interestingly, this rose variety can come with very different growth habits. These include the usual shrub form as well as climbing and weeping varieties.
This plant is of medium size and an attractive branching habit. For the best blooms and the least maintenance needs, plant in full sun and slightly acidic soils.
Rosa ‘Wekpaltlez’ HOT COCOA (Floribunda Rose)
The HOT COCOA variety of floribunda rose comes with multiple darker features. The darkest of these is the new grow that emerges each year with chocolate color.
The leaves are also dark and have a very glossy texture. These leaves are compound and have less then ten leaflets. These leaflets look similar to the simple leaves of other roses.
The flowers of HOT COCOA rose carry on this dark theme. The petals of these flowers are in the red range. Their undersides are slightly darker then the color on the top of the petals. This color can also have tints of orange in it.
HOT COCOA rose is relatively new to nursery trade having been introduces in 2002. This type of rose has an admirable growth habit and good disease resistance. These characteristics are especially prominent when HOT COCOA grows in warmer climates with slightly acidic soil.
Rosa EUROPEANA (Floribunda Rose)
The blooms of the EUROPEANA cultivar come with a deeply saturated red color. The petals appear in multiple layers that encircle a button-like yellow stamen. These blooms emerge in clusters with a subtle pleasing fragrance.
The leaves also show a red hue, though only temporarily. This occurs when they first emerge in spring. Then this tinge of red cools to a more typical green color.
Although EUROPEANA has a vigorous growth habit, this amounts to a limited mature size. This cultivar forms a compact shrub with a maximum height below three feet. It tends to branch somewhat densely and in an upward direction.
While this rose is small, you need to remember not to perform overhead watering. This only increased the chance of your rose developing a disease. Despite this, soil must be kept moist on a regular basis.
As a descendent of the hybrid tea rose group, grandiflora roses share a similar appearance. These roses also have long stems but typically have multiple terminal blooms rather than single solitary flowers.
Grandiflora roses are also larger that hybrid tea roses while still making for great cut flowers. These flowers often bloom multiple times throughout the season.
Take a look at some of the best varieties of grandiflora roses.
Rosa QUEEN ELIZABETH (Grandiflora Rose)
The ‘Queen Elizabeth’ variety of grandiflora rose has large fragrant flowers. These flowers bloom best in settings with full sun and organically rich soils.
Single and double flowers appear at the end of long stems. They are around four inches in diameter. The petals are smooth and pure pink. They curve slightly with the inner petals forming a cuplike shape.
The dark leaves are a great calming contrast to the showy flowers. The stems are known to have very few thorns making this plant easy to handle during pruning.
Light shade is acceptable but full sun is best. With six or more hours of sunlight, this rose variety becomes very disease resistant.
This grandiflora rose is tall and somewhat narrow. In most cases, it will display a vigorous growth habit. In any setting, it is a great specimen or accent plant.
Rosa ‘Wekisoblip’ WILD BLUE YONDER (Grandiflora Rose)
WILD BLUE YONDER is another grandiflora rose variety that has fantastic flowers. These appear with a purple or blue color from spring to fall.
The flowers have wavy petals that surround a dark yellow center. These flowers look best when this plant grows in a cooler area. They are also exceptionally fragrant.
Overall, this is an upright shrub that maintains a small size at maturity. Sometimes its habit and flowers look similar to those of a camellia.
David Austin Roses
Not surprisingly, David Austin roses result from the efforts of English botanist David Austin. They also go by the name English roses.
Regardless of what you call them, the intent behind these roses was to combine hardiness with beauty. The result is a rose variety with the increased resilience of a modern rose and the visual character of older rose varieties.
The blooms of these roses repeat like other hybrid varieties. And they come in many lighter colors such as yellow and coral.
The varieties listed below are a great example of the David Austin group.
Rosa ‘Ausland’ SCEPTER’D ISLE (David Austinrose)
As is the case with many David Austin roses, the variety called SCEPTER’D ISLE has flowers that are both beautiful and fragrant. These flowers share the same continuous blooms as the other popular hybrid roses.
These flowers have a delicate pink color that borders on white. The are numerous enough to nearly conceal the otherwise prominent yellow stamens.
The leaves have a cool dark green color providing a nice contrast to the blooms. It has an upright habit and grows as a small shrub. Its obscure name comes from a Shakespeare quote features in the drama called Richard II.
Rosa ‘Golden Celebration’(David Austinrose)
‘Golden Celebration’ has flowers that come with a high petal count. This umber can be as high as 75 petals per flower.
The color of these petals stands out from many of the other rose varieties. Rather than the more common red or pink, ‘Golden Celebration’ has rich yellow flowers.
‘Golden Celebration’ is also on the larger side in relation to other cultivated rose varieties. This narrow upright shrub can grow to reach about eight feet at its mature height.
This cultivar has a slight arch to its branching habit and can grow either as a shrub or as a climbing vine. In either case, it proves to have strong resistance to diseases.
Miniature roses are exactly what they sound like they are. These plants are just smaller versions of regular rose plants.
This is true for the overall size and the size of each flower. Miniature roses were created to have this smaller size but also tend to have better winter hardiness then some other rose varieties.
While the size is decreased for these plants, the flower quality is not. These flowers bloom repeatedly and profusely. Miniature roses make for a great container plant.
Rosa ‘Savasach’ SACHET (Miniturerose)
This miniature rose variety goes by the name SACHET in nursery stock. It grows to no more than two feet tall and has an upright branching habit.
Its flowers are less than two inches across and have many petals. These petals have a vibrant pink color, and they surround a yellowish orange stamen. These flowers can be solitary or grow in clusters.
SACHET is resistant to deer and has minimal thorns making it easy to handle. Its foliage is dark green and has a glossy texture.
Rosa ‘Scrivluv’ BABY LOVE (Miniturerose)
BABY love is a slightly larger miniature rose but is still small relative to other cultivars. This plant has a round shrub-like form that reaches four feet at most.
The flowers of this plant are light yellow and are flatter than man other rose blooms. This is partly due to the fact that this plant has far less petals than other roses. But this does not necessarily detract from their appearance. The yellow alone is enough to make this cultivar stand out.
Flowers have a unique fragrance and bloom in clusters for the entirety of the growing season. This plant grows best and has the highest disease resistance when planted in full sun locations.