The Valley Botanical marvels in the world of horticulture due to its prolific charm in both the earthly landscape and as one of the most fragrant blossoms in the soil and air realm. Thriving most successfully as a grand conqueror, this plant spreads rapidly to create large blankets of petite white flowers with delicate, buttery petals.
Quick Facts about the Valley Botanical Name – Convallaria majalis Height – 6-12 inches (15-30 cm) Spread – 6-12 inches (15-30 cm) Sun Exposure – Part Shade, Full Shade Soil Requirements – High-Adaptability Hardiness Zones – USDA Zones 3-8 Best Time to Plant – Fall
The stems of the Valley of the Winds plants are covered with tiny white, nodding bell-shaped flowers that have a sweet perfume and medium-bright green leaves that are lance-shaped, 4 to 8 inches (10 to 20 cm) high and 3 to 5 inches (7.5 to 12.5 cm) wide.
This moisture-loving plant thrives in a spread of red seeds remaining after flowering, which makes the Valley of the Winds exceptionally attractive after blooming and very caring of flower enthusiasts. Cultivating Lily of the Valley plants is straightforward, as they will remain perennial in USDA Zones 2-9.
When to Plant Lily of the Valley:
Lily of the Valley flowers (Convallaria majalis) are most commonly planted in the fall. At this time, prepared portions of cool weather allow for the development of a robust root system. A proper period of dormancy throughout winter will also be necessary to prepare the new plantings for a quick start to the following spring.
Where to Plant Lily of the Valley:
Though Lily of the Valley is generally considered adaptable, the plant does have some specific considerations. Among these is its ability to spread throughout the garden, sometimes becoming invasive. Planting Lily of the Valley should be done with care, as the manner in which it is able to multiply can become problematic. It is for this reason that experienced gardeners often contain the plant in borders, rather than in the garden.
Lily of the Valley plants will thrive best in beds that maintain consistently moist conditions throughout the entire growing season. Though uncommon, these plants may require supplemental irrigation when conditions are especially dry. The use of mulch is a great way to help retain moisture and keep the plant’s root system cool throughout the hottest parts of summer.
The use of mulch is a great way to help retain moisture and keep the plant’s root system cool throughout the hottest parts of summer. Lily of the Valley will thrive in shaded beds that receive dappled light. This makes them a good choice for woodland gardens, or along the sides of structures, or among the sizes of structures.
Propagating and dividing pips from a mature Lily of the Valley plant is a straightforward process. Although the care for Lily of the Valley is minimal, their spreading habit will require periodic attention. As the plants grow to form dense colonies, growers may find that the production of flowers has decreased significantly over time. When this occurs, the plants will need to be dug and divided.
Here are the steps to propagate and divide Lily of the Valley:
1. **Timing:** The best time to divide Lily of the Valley is in early spring when new growth is just beginning.
2. **Prepare the Area:** Choose the area where you want to transplant the divided pips. Make sure the soil is well-prepared and enriched with organic matter to provide a good growing environment for the new plants.
3. **Lift the Plant:** Carefully dig up the entire Lily of the Valley clump using a garden fork or spade. Be gentle to avoid damaging the roots.
4. **Separate the Pips:** Gently shake or brush off the soil to expose the underground stems or “pips.” These pips are the small, underground shoots connected to the main plant. Use your hands or a gardening tool to carefully separate the pips from each other.
5. **Plant the Pips:** Plant the separated pips in the prepared area at the same depth they were originally growing. Space them apart to allow for their future growth. Water them well after planting.
6. **Maintenance:** Keep the newly planted pips consistently moist, especially during their first growing season. Mulch around the plants to help retain moisture and control weeds.
7. **Regular Care:** Provide regular care to your divided Lily of the Valley plants, including adequate watering, and they will establish themselves and start spreading over time.
By following these steps, you can successfully propagate and divide Lily of the Valley, ensuring a healthy and attractive display of these charming plants in your garden.